Oats are a highly demanding cereal crop because this crop is loaded with nutrients and proteins. Also, oats are highly consumed by diet conscious people, that’s why it is a very famous food. It is similar to wheat cultivation and grown in temperate and subtropical climates. Moreover, oats have many health benefits which help you to become a healthy person.
Health Benefits of eating Oats
- Oats are full of nutrition.
- Whole oats are wealthy in antioxidants.
- Oats have a robust soluble fibre named beta-glucan.
- They can lower cholesterol groups and protect LDL cholesterol from damage.
- Oats can help you to enhance blood sugar control.
- Oatmeal is very filling and may assist you to lose weight.
- Finely ground oats may help with skincare.
- They may reduce the risk of asthma.
- Oats may help relieve constipation.
Soil Requirement for Oats Cultivation
For oats cultivation, all kinds of soil are good. It needs irrigated ground rich in organic matter like loamy soil suitable for cultivation. Also, oats need a 5 – 6.6 pH level, which is excellent for oats.
Land should be clear and properly prepared according to the need to form a weed-free field. It requires 6-8 times of ploughing to gain higher yields. Also, oats yields are suitable with higher pH levels and more than wheat and barley’s pH. Oats propagation is quickly done through seeds.
The best time for sowing oats is in the second week to the last week of October. This time is appropriate for planting seeds. Moreover, farmers need 25 – 30 cm of spacing between rows for oats cultivation. In addition, it wants 3 – 4 cm of planting depth. Along with this, the method of planting is done with the drilling method and zero tillage drill method. Also, you can use a tractor and seed drill to sow seeds. Among all, the Powertrac euro 50 is excellent for planting seeds and more farming tasks.
Oats have 25 kg of seeds needed for one acre of land. Before sowing oats, treat the seeds with Captan or Thiram of 3gm/kg of seed. This can protect the roots from fungal diseases and bacterial viruses.
At the time of land preparation, apply cow dung manure in the field. Apply Nitrogen 30 kg (66 kg urea) and Phosphorus 8 kg (50 kg single super phosphate) per acre. Moreover, apply a half dose of Nitrogen and the total amount of Phosphorus at the time of sowing. The remaining Nitrogen should be applied after 30-40 days of sowing.
Weed control is not needed if the plants are correctly erected. Fewer weeds are found in the oat crop. So do weeding from somewhere to remove weeds.
Oat is mainly grown as a rainfed crop, but if it is grown in irrigated areas, then irrigate twice within 25-28 days after sowing.
After 4-5 months of sowing, oats are fully ripe and ready for harvesting. Harvesting should be done at the beginning of April to avoid grain loss. Apart from this, the tractors and threshers are valuable machines for harvesting. Also, you can use a tractor like Powertrac 445 for better harvesting operations as it has excellent performance.
Varieties of Oats in India
1. Oat Groats
Oat Groats are the most refined and uncooked form of oat available. They are the hulled seeds of whole grain oats, including endosperm and bran. They also have an extended cooking time, and since they are the numerous intact forms of this whole grain, they can be a fantastic reserve for rice and other entire grains.
2. Steel Cut Oats
Steel Cut Oats or Irish Oats are whole oats, hulled oats that have been cut once or double with a steel blade. Since the parts are relatively large, they take a longer time to cook. However, due to their large flakes, they are not chosen for baking applications.
3. Rolled Oats
The most common oats are rolled oats; these are old-fashioned. Oats are toasted, hulled, steamed, and then moved by passing them via large rolling mills. A small part of these oats goes a long way in filling your hunger.
4. Quick Oats
Quick Oats are just rolled oats available in different thicknesses. They are toasted, hulled, steamed, and then passed through the rolling mill, except they are moved into thinner flakes.
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